Jump to content

Welcome to Large Scale Modeller: The home of the large scale military model builder. 

One-Oh-Four

Sherman V, 2nd Irish Guards, Guards Armoured Division, Holland, September 1944, Market-Garden.

Recommended Posts

Introduction

 

Hi guys, although I'm still busy on the 1/24 Airfix Hawker Typhoon, I also felt that this GB could use some more "vehicular" input. Due to all the Liberation Days (celebrated on May 5th, the day the German forces in the Netherlands capitulated to the Allies in Wageningen) I witnessed in my life I have a keen interest in the liberating forces of my country. That makes for a predominantly British and Canadian interest, although we mustn't forget the Polish 1st Armoured Division and the Polish paras! Of course American forces also took part but on a much lesser scale. The 7th AD in October 1944 near Overloon, before the British forces took over the offensive, of course the paras of the 82nd and 101st AB divisions and the supporting units in the western part of Brabant. So, this WIP will deal with a British 75mm gun tank of the forces that were sent to relieve the paras that occupied the bridges at Eindhoven, Son, Grave, Nijmegen and Arnhem during Operation Market-Garden September 17th -25th, 1944.

 

To read an extensive account of the operation:

 

Operation Market Garden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

For my purposes, it suffices to say that the 2nd Irish Guards formed part of the ground forces that needed to "race" to the North along a very narrow corridor in order to relieve the lightly armed paras along the route. The Airborne part of the offensive was code-named "Market", the ground element "Garden".

 

The front lines on September 14th, 1944:

post-36433-1205703506.jpg

 

The plan of attack:

Ww2_map68.jpg

 

The line of advance for XXXth Corps:

Market-Garden_-_Karte_Plan.png

 

A short piece of text from the Wikipedia article:

At 14:15 hours 300 guns of the Corps artillery opened fire, firing a rolling barrage in front of XXX Corps start line that was 1 mile (1.6 km) wide and 5 miles (8.0 km) in depth. The barrage was supported by seven squadrons of RAF Hawker Typhoons firing rockets at all known German positions along the road to Valkenswaard. The advance was led by tanks and infantry of the Irish Guards and started on time when Lieutenant Keith Heathcote, commanding the lead tank, ordered his driver to advance. The lead units of the Irish Guards Group had broken out of XXX Corps bridgehead on the Meuse-Escaut canal and crossed into the Netherlands by 15:00 hours. After crossing the border the Irish Guards were ambushed by infantry and anti-tank guns dug in on both sides of the main road. Portions of the artillery barrage were refired and fresh waves of Hawker Typhoons were called in. The Guardsmen moved forward to clear the German positions, manned by elements from two German parachute battalions and two battalions of the 9th SS Division, and soon routed the German forces flanking the road. Interrogation of captured German soldiers led to some of them willingly, others after being threatened, pointing out the remaining German positions. The fighting soon died down and the advance resumed. By last light the town of Valkenswaard had been reached and occupied by the Irish Guards.

 

Shermans of the Irish Guards advancing past Shermans that were knocked out by dug-in anti-tank units.

Sherman2IGlarge_8.jpg

 

 
British troops meet with a Dutch policeman at Valkenswaard
Sherman2IG19440917Valkenswaard.jpg
 
2nd Irish Guards tanks cross the bridge over the river Waal near Nijmegen.
Shermans5.%201944%2009%2021a%20Irish%20G
 
ShermanBritish_XXX_Corps_cross_the_road_
  • Like 4

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

The Sherman V.

 

That's what this WIP is all about anyway.... :) The name "Sherman" for the tank wasn't an American idea. As the British tend to name their equipment and differentiate it by using Marks, they did the same with the American medium tank M4. They called it the Sherman, followed by a Roman numeral to denote the subtype. In this way the M4 became the Sherman I, the M4A1 the Sherman II and so forth. The M4A4 thus way became the Sherman V.

 

One of the challenges during Sherman production was to find enough engines produced to power them. Chrysler offered a solution in the form of the Chrysler A57 Multibank engine. This engine was created by fitting five 6-cylinder L-head (side valve) around one crankshaft. This way they created a 21-liter 30-cylinder engine that delivered 470 hp at 2400 rpm.

 

The 5 cylinder blocks of a Multilink engine under restoration:

ShermanMultibankblocksready.jpg

 

The assembled engine:

ShermanChryslerA57Multibank.jpg

 

American forces didn't use the M4A4 operationally, they used the M4 and M4A1 with the 9 cylinder air-cooled radial engine and the M4A3 powered with a Ford V8 engine. The M4A4 went mostly to Great Britain, Free French forces and China.

 

Although the engine does look rather impressive, it wasn't the easiest to maintain, it seems. Especially in the beginning when every cylinder block had it's own coolant pump, for instance.

 

An M4A4 getting it's engine installed:

Shermanchrysler-a57-multibank-installati

 

Okay, so what makes an M4A4 is basically it's engine, is there an easy way to identify a Sherman as an M4A4? I hear you ask....

 

Well, yes. In order to get the engine to fit, the hull of the tank had to be lengthened. That is identifiable by the spacing of the suspension bogies. The M4A4 has more space between them than other Sherman subtypes.

 

Shermanm4.gif

 

Shermanm4a4-sherman-V.gif

 

U.S. M4's unloading in Italy, 1944:

Shermans_disembarking_from_LST_at_Anzio_

 

A Sherman V:

shermanv.jpg

 

To read more on the M4A4:

M4A4 Shermans

 

M4A4 Sherman production variants

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

The kit.

 

I'm using the Tasca Sherman V kit for this build. I'm not sure if it's still generally available, but if not, be sure that it'l be re-issued some time. In that case it'll be under the Asuka label as Tasca renamed itself to that. 

 

To read a full review of the kit, see Terry Ashley's article on Perth Military Modelling:

Tasca 35016 British Army Sherman V (M4A4)

 

In any case, this is the box-art:

Shermantasca35016.jpg

 

After opening the box, you'll (of course) find a bunch of sprues:

YBT_4552_1.jpg

 

What is immediately apparent is that the contents of the kit are a mix-n-match between some earlier Shermans by Tasca. The hull and British fittings come from their Sherman Vc (Firefly) kit, the turret and 75mm gun parts come from their M4A1 kit.

 

The tracks are of the "elastic band"-type, each track is made up of two parts. The original instructions tell you to glue the track with regular glue but an erratum is included, pointing out that "instant adhesive" is to be used. The track is of the T62-type, which was a steel-chevron track with three big rivets on each track pad. That is a type of track that regularly was used by British or Commonwealth units but the photos I've found of Sherman V's in France, Belgium and Holland, do show quite a lot of T74 or T54E2  T54E1 track was used.

 

To check out the types of track used on the original Sherman suspension:

 VVSS tracks

VVSS end connectors

I believe this Sherman is fitted with T74 T54E1 tracks:

Sherman2IGlarge_4.jpg

 

This tank of the 29th Armoured Brigade, 11th Armoured Division has got T74 T54E1 fitted, I believe.

Sherman29AB11AD19440711large.jpg

 

It is the 2nd scheme in the kit, BTW! ;)

 

And to muddy the waters some more, this one rides on T54E2 T54E1with extended end connectors, using sections of T62 and T74 T54E1track for additional armour!

M4A4_Avatar.jpg

 

The sign "Houthandel" visible above the turret of the first tank shows this photo was taken in Holland. At least I think so, since the style of the buildings looks Dutch to me...

 

I don't think the model would be "wrong" with the T62 track, but at the moment of writing I'm leaning more toward a set of aftermarket T54E2  or T74 T54E1...

 

Another piece of aftermarket I'm contemplating of buying is a metal barrel for the 75mm gun. The kit barrel is made up of two halves. Although I'm fairly certain that I can finish the barrel without any outside blemishes, the inside of the barrel may just be another matter, showing the seam...

 

The lower hull needs to be built up from plastic plates instead of having it pre-formed. I rather enjoyed that, it gave me some sense of actually welding a Sherman hull together... Anyway, after a half hour of cutting parts, cleaning up and assembling, I ended up with the basic lower hull:

YBT_4563.jpg

 

YBT_4564.jpg

 

The proper sequence to build up the lower hull is indicated with numbers 1 to 4.

 

Instead of plodding dutifully along on the smaller parts of the lower hull, I decided to jump to the front of the vehicle building up the differential housing. All Sherman V's were delivered with the 3-part transmission housing. If you spot a photo of one with a single-piece housing, it was either a repair or fitted after the war.

 

The differential housing also has a proper sequence but I'm not so sure if Tasca's sequence is the best... Step 1 is the top-bolt strip, no problem. As step 2 they want you to fit the towing eyes to the towing lugs before fitting the lugs to the housing. I didn't feel like fiddling with two of these tiny parts at the same time so I first glued the lugs to the housing and then clicked the eyes to the lugs. Boy was I happy with myself! I then glued the bolt flanges to each other and the assemblies to the housing. The last step was to fit the housings of the final drives to the differential housing... And noticed the seam between the final drives and the centre part.... It would seem that the best sequence should be: 1. Bolt strip, 2. Final drives (and filling the seam after drying), 3. Put the eyes on the lugs (Beware of the Carpet Monster!!!), 4. Lug/eye assemblies to diff housing, 5. Bolt flanges together and then to housing.

 

After a second half hour of modeling I scratched together I ended up with the differential housing:

YBT_4566.jpg

 

Spot the seams?  :o

2f79aba0-4ce2-402d-ade9-f325e4b06c8e.jpg

 

Anyway, the reason I skipped finishing the arse-end of the hull and started with the differential housing was the ever adult habit of mine to se "how it's going to look".

 

You see, before you know it, you've got something that starts to look decidedly Shermanoid:

YBT_4567.jpg

Edited by Erik B.
I got feedback that I misidentified some tracks, so I edited the text.
  • Like 4

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Whooh... you have really done your homework! Looking forward to seeing this one completed!

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Got anymore info on this pic Erik?

 

I would be temped to get a Sherman V to do that!

 

M4A4_Avatar.jpg

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Bloody hell Erik, it's like the Discovery Channel but in print.  

 

Excellent research and generosity for sharing it too; I'm definitely following !

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Got anymore info on this pic Erik?

 

I would be temped to get a Sherman V to do that!

 

:tank:

 

Dave, I'm sorry to say that I don't know which unit this was from or even what town it is.... Around February-April 1945 it was fairly standard for Sherman V's to have this much of track armour. You also see it fairly often on Sherman Vc's (Fireflies). During these last months it were mostly Canadian units fighting in the northeastern Netherlands, the provinces of Overijssel, Drenthe, Groningen, Friesland. This URL might be a nice starting point, browse this website; interesting stuff: www.canadiansoldiers.com 

 

Final Phase

 

Bloody hell Erik, it's like the Discovery Channel but in print.  

 

Excellent research and generosity for sharing it too; I'm definitely following !

 

Thanks Grant, to be honest, about 95% percent was just using Google! ;)

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Erik,

What a genot ( joy) to read this back ground information. Well done. And sticking bits of plastic together too.

Cheers

Cees

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Got anymore info on this pic Erik?

 

I would be temped to get a Sherman V to do that!

 

M4A4_Avatar.jpg

 

A wider view is this:

 

robert-murray-hommelseweg.jpg

 

Dave, I have asked around, these are vehicles of the Canadian Governor Generals Horse Guards Regiment.

The photo is taken in Arnhem, on the "Hommelseweg", corner "Staringplein" (Hommelse Road, corner of Staring Square). The building on the left is Café Atlanta.

 

Some fooling around with Google Streetview; this is how it looked, May 2014:

 

HommelsewegHoekStaringplein2.jpg

 

HommelsewegHoekStaringplein1.jpg

 

And where this place is located in Arnhem and the bridges:

 

HommelsewegHoekStaringpleinArnhemOvervie

 

The picture was made in April 1945 during Operation Anger:

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberation_of_Arnhem

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5th_Canadian_Division

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Awesome Erik!Looks like I need to start looking at a Sherman!

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Love following this. I have all 3 of Zaloga's recent books on the armored warfare in NW Europe and the Sherman in NW Europe. great reference and build ideas.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Love following this. I have all 3 of Zaloga's recent books on the armored warfare in NW Europe and the Sherman in NW Europe. great reference and build ideas.

I plan on getting those too, although the liberation of Holland was more of a British/Canadian/Polish party...

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

I plan on getting those too, although the liberation of Holland was more of a British/Canadian/Polish party...

Hey! At least the Yanks got the first 2 bridges.

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

A small update:

 

Earlier I showed a photo of the transmission housing with it's seams. After looking at the photo myself I could hardly make anything out, so I put the 105mm Macro-lens on the camera:

 

YBT_4569.jpg

 

I think that makes it more visible. Mind you, you shouldn't remove the seams completely, a hint should stay visible as this photo from "Sherman Minutiae" shows:

 

3pieces_differential3.JPG

 

The " ears" were welded to the outer parts.

 

Okay, I've been doing some things to the "arse-end" of the model. Step 6 shows you to drill some holes in the backplate.

 

YBT_4559.jpg

 

If you look to step 8, you'll see that that is for the British version tow-pintle. Although I don't have very many Sherman photos, I didn't find them in that time frame and location to be on the vehicles, so I decided to skip the pintle.

 

The same goes for the holes to be drilled in the engine door in Step 7:

 

YBT_4560.jpg

 

Parts E1 and E2 are British pattern smoke generators. I didn't see these too, although the Sherman that gets "FFI" written on it in France higher up this page, carries them. I don't know what blocks E22 on PE18 are, but since I didn't spot these either, they stayed off! ;)

 

YBT_4573.jpg

 

Although this seems to be a Sherman I Hybrid (you can see it has the radial engine because the tank has the air filter housings on either side of the engine doors)

 

Shermane58553eac16b1ee9f9fd8887d96913e8.

 

But have a look at the Irish Guards Shermans passing the KO'd Shermans in the first post, you won't see these items on them either.

 

The mesh was protected by armoured "slats" behind which the exhausts lived. Because I want to paint them separately, I haven't fitted the exhaust stubs yet. Only one poses on the right place to give you an idea!

 

YBT_4572.jpg

 

As you can see the cut-outs in the mesh are for the exhaust stubs. This is the view when looking up from the engine doors (sans stubs):

 

YBT_4574.jpg

 

The last thing was to fit the engine plates on the rear deck to get that characteristic Sherman Multibank rear deck. The instructions showed to drill two holes in the aft slim plate for the sledge-hammer. I didn't do that, since I plan on putting some stowage there. The rear plate did get some holes for the characteristic British stowage bin. 

 

YBT_4570.jpg

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Definitely following as I intend to build the "Ram at Cagny" diorama which has a Sherman Mk V (M4A4) from the 2nd Irish Guards. I'll be using Dragon kits (incl the zimmerit molded Porsche turret King Tiger) , but cannot find the right decals for the Mk V Sherman - BallyRaggett.

 

I have the other Tasca Shermans (Firefly and Easy Eight) and tempted to get the Mk V....

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Wow!  Love reading the history, especially about the engines.  I've never done armor, but this is SOOO temppting!  

 

Really enjoyed the old to new pictures with Google maps!  

 

Thanks for this!  Looking forward to more updates!

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

what an awesome start!

 

i just love research driven threads like this

 

out of interest (and I suppose having Son of Sherman book I should know, but...) what identifies the tank with all the track over it as a Sherman V?

 

the angle is quite shallow so you can't really (to my eye) readily see the enlarged gap between the suspension bogies...

 

it is a VERY cool looking tank though!

 

cheers again for a very entertaining read

 

Nick

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

a little slow on this.  so glad I finally jumped in.  great research will be following this.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

I'm afraid I'm a little bit slow too :) I've still got the model on the workbench though...

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.


  • Recently Browsing   0 members

    No registered users viewing this page.

×
×
  • Create New...